SFLC.in Assists in Challenge to Blocking of FOSS Apps ‘Element’ and ‘Briar’ Before the Kerala High Court


Case Name: Praveen Arimbrathodiyil & Another v. Union of India
[W.P. (C) 15766/2023]


In the first week of May, it was widely reported that 14 applications were banned in India. These applications were blocked under Section 69A of the Information Technology Act, 2000, on grounds of being allegedly used for communication between bad actors in the region of Jammu and Kashmir. In the list of blocked applications were 2 widely- used FOSS applications, namely ‘Element’ and ‘Briar’ that software developers, technologists, innovators and entrepreneurs utilise on a daily basis. The use of such FOSS applications enables several benefits like enhanced interoperability, reduced costs, vendor independence, greater localization and developing local growth of the IT sector in India. The order for blocking the applications places unreasonable restrictions on the exercise of Freedom of Speech and Expression, and Freedom to Carry Out Trade and Business, as guaranteed under the Constitution of India. The order has also not been made public which suffers from the vice of violating the Principles of Natural Justice insofar as no notice has been served to the Petitioners, nor has any opportunity of hearing granted to date, as mandated under the relevant rules, i.e., Blocking Rules, 2009. 


SFLC.in assisted in the filing of a petition by aggrieved users belonging to the Free Software Community of India before the High Court of Kerala to publish the order as well as quash it. The petition also challenges Rule 16 of the Blocking Rules, 2009. 


The broad Grounds based on which the ban has been challenged are:

  1. The impugned order has been passed without any notice or intimation to the concerned parties. 
  2. The impugned order violates Freedom of Speech and Expression and the Right to Free Trade and Profession. 
  3. Rule 16 of the Blocking Rules, 2009 does not leave any opportunity for the aggrieved party to seek redressal from a judicial authority. 


The Prayers that have been relied on for relief are:

  1. A direction for the appropriate authorities to produce a copy of the order which sanctions the blocking. 
  2. To quash the order to the extent that Element and Briar are unblocked and the ban is lifted. 
  3. To set aside Rule 16 of the Blocking Rules, 2009. 


SFLC.in through its counsels Prasanth Sugathan, Mishi Choudhary, Arjun D’Souza and Radhika Jhalani are assisting the Petitioners in this case. 


Hearing update on 16.05.2023:

The Kerala High Court issued notice to the respondents through the Deputy Solicitor General of India on a challenge to the blocking of Element and Briar applications. It was noted that the Free and Open Source applications were blocked by the Central Government under Section 69A, IT Act, 2000 and Blocking Rules, 2009. The court directed the respondents to get instructions and posted the matter on 29th May 2023.


Hearing update on 10.11.2023:

More time has been sought by the Respondents to file a counter affidavit.


SFLC.in has published a report highlighting the website blocking regime in India. The report can be found here. Find a copy of the petition filed by SFLC.in attached below.


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